What to Do, Where to Go if Big Earthquake Hits



The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council advises that people should know hazards in their home or workplace. A person should familiarize himself with fire extinguishers, medical kits, exit routes and a building’s evacuation plans. Have your household repaired immediately for any damage spotted, and secure heavy furniture and hanging objects.

Harmful chemicals and flammable materials, which could start a fire if an earthquake hits, should be stored properly. Preparing a family “Go Bag” containing all items needed for survival is necessary. Participating in office and community earthquake drills might later prove helpful.


“Duck, cover and hold” once an earthquake strikes. Duck under a strong table and hold on, while staying alert for potential threats caused by the temblor. Stay away from glass windows, shelves and heavy objects. Once the shaking stops, leave where you happened to be caught by the earthquake and go to a designated evacuation area.

If already outside, avoid going near buildings, trees, electric posts and landslide-prone areas. For those who are inside vehicles, stop driving and get out of the vehicles.


Aside from staying alert for possible aftershocks, assess yourself, and if another person sustained any injury, give him first aid if you know how. Injured senior citizens, pregnant women, persons with disability and children should be given priority medical treatment. If you are near a coastal area and a tsunami advisory has been issued by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, evacuate to a safe area.

Inspect spills of toxic and flammable chemicals, as well as LPG leaks and damages to water, electrical and gas lines. Until further notice, evacuees must stay in evacuation areas even if the earthquake has stopped.